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Tomato Farming In Nigeria: Getting Started

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tomato farming in nigeria

Tomato is one of the most demanded essential cooking ingredients in Nigeria and every other parts of the world. The majority of Nigerian cuisine requires tomato to be able to make it. Tomatoes are used for cooking stews, soups, salads, portages, and all types of food in the country. Practically, every form of Nigerian food can be cooked with tomato.

Why Tomato Farming in Nigeria Is Essential

It is vital for Health

Tomato is fruit that belongs to the classes of fruit known as berry. It is a good source of vitamin C and beta-carotene. Tomatoes are deep red in color when ripe and can be used as antioxidant like red pepper. It is as well a great source of vitamin E and helps to boost clear sight and overall health of the eyes. Tomatoes contain a lot of health benefits.

The market and the profit margins are high

There is always a ready market for tomatoes in Nigeria. There is no amount of tomato that is produced that will be out of market demand with the huge Nigerian population.

Nigeria farmers are currently producing less than the amounts of tomatoes demanded all over the country. This has led to importation of processed tomatoes into the country.

In 2012, for example, Nigeria imported 65,809 tonnes of processed Tomato with a financial worth of more than N11.7 Billion. To be able to meet up the demand of the Nigeria teeming population and reducing importation, more and more people need to go into tomato farming in nigeria.

Pineapple Farming in Nigeria: Guide For Beginners.

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pineapple farming in nigeria

Pineapple farming in nigeria or pineapple plantation is another agro-investment opportunity that is worth considering. Pineapple can be sold for domestic consumption and for the production of fruit juices.

It is one those fruits that are highly demanded by Nigerians as part of their daily meals. When you are planning to go into pineapple farming, it is better to choose a good breed both in terms of taste and yield.

Some breed of pineapple taste sour even when on the outside it is very ripe but a particular breed known as queen pineapple taste delicious and sweet even when the back of the fruit are not even very yellowish.

That is one of the reasons why there is a ready market for this pineapple type.

Since your target is to be able to produce and sell, your best bet is to go for the nice breeds that are highly demanded in the Nigerian market.

Although pineapple farming is not a quick way to make money, they provide a sustainable means of making money for a period of up to ten years once they start fruiting if properly managed and maintained.

Apart from producing pineapple for local consumption and for the juice making industry in the country, pineapples can as well be exported outside the shores of Nigeria to make money. Pineapple is a cherished fruit all over the world as a result of natural thirst, nutritional values and health benefits.

Nigerian climatic condition and soil is favorable to the growth of pineapple. If you think you want to invest in pineapple farming for commercial purposes, we have provided below tips on how you can establish a successful pineapple farm.

Mushroom Farming In Nigeria: Getting Started

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mushroom farming in nigeria

Mushroom farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business; here is a comprehensive guide on what you need and how yo get started as a beginner.

The mushroom is a form of fungi that grows on the soil or on the body of decaying tree trunks. There are edible and inedible mushrooms. It has a lot of health benefits which includes weight loss, remedy for tumors, vitamin sources, fighting infections in diabetic patients, regulation of the levels of blood cholesterol, prevention of breast and prostate cancer, boosting bone health and improving the immune system, regulation of blood pressure, stimulation of iron absorption and a lot more. Study is ongoing about possible cure of HIV with oyster breed of much room.

Mushrooms mainly grow in moist or damp environment and have to be grown under shade to shield it from the effect of sun and wind. It requires oxygen to survive.

What Is Mushroom Farming About?

Mushroom farming is the practice of growing mushroom in a large scale for commercial purposes. The steps involved in mushroom farming include the following: making the compost, finishing the compost, spawning, casing, pinning, and cropping.

Grasscutter Farming In Nigeria: Starting Guide For Beginners.

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Grasscutter farming in nigeria

Grasscutter farming in Nigeria is a very profitable business that is gradually becoming popular in Nigeria due to the large market for it. It is also known as Cane Rat or bush meat.

Grasscutter belongs to the rodent family and looks much like the porcupine. Grasscutter is good for commercial rearing because it is fast reproducing and reaches the reproduction age when it is seven months. It reproduces two times a year and can give birth to roughly seven kids at a time.

Grasscutter sells for roughly five thousand naira. You can make millions of naira from the farm in a year depending on the size of your farm.

What Is Grasscutter Farming?

Grasscutter farming is the rearing of grasscutters for domestic and commercial purposes. Naturally, grasscutters doesn’t grow on farmlands. They commonly live in the meadows, clearings, muddy territories, reed-beds, and river banks of sub-saharan Africa and are normally caught by hunters from their natural environment and marketed.

The difficulties involved in the hunting practice and the explosive market for this rodent resulted in commercial rearing or farming of grasscutters.

Grasscutters grows big and very fast. It is one of the largest rodents in Africa. A fully grown male weighs roughly 4.5 kg while a fully grown female weighs roughly 3.5 kg. The mature male grows as much as the size of a nine inches block.

Snail Farming in Nigeria: Guide For Beginner

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snail farming in nigeria

Snail farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business. It has a slow yield but it provides a stable means of making money. Land snails are popularly referred to as Congo meat in a lot of African country. It belongs to the class of Mollusca known as Gastropod. There are different species of snails but not all of them are suitable for commercial farming in Nigeria.

The most significant nutrient in the rearing of snail is Calcium. Your snail needs adequate supply of calcium to be able to do well. Low intake of calcium will slow down the growth rate of your snail because calcium is required by the snails to form their shells. This would usually result in thin shell.

The good news is that food source that supply calcium is not difficult to get. Your snails can get it from the green outer leaves of cabbage which you can easily obtain from any Nigerian fruit and vegetable market.

Pig Farming in Nigeria: Complete Guide For Beginners.

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pig farming in nigeria

Pig farming in nigeria is a lucrative because pork meat is in high demand in the Nigerian market and also due to the fact that pig reproduce quickly and in great number. Pig farming is also referred to as piggery. One pig can reproduce roughly fifteen piglets at a time. Pig is, thus, the top world’s reproductive active livestock.

Despite the money spinning ability of the pig farming it is not widely known in Nigeria and a few farmers who engage in pig farming are smiling daily to their banks. If you are looking for a viable agro investment, pig farming may be a good place to start. We have provided in this article guidelines on how to set up your own pig farming in Nigeria.

Why you need to consider pig farming as an agro investor

Owing a piggery in Nigeria is attached with a lot of benefits. First it is highly in demand, secondly, it is an aspect of livestock rearing that is not widely pursued by Nigerian farmers.

Thus, a few farmers in the business are banking money that will feed them and their generations to come. See other benefits you stand to gain by engaging in this type of farm below:

Goat Farming in Nigeria: How To Get Started.

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goat farming in nigeria

Goat farming in nigeria is another form of agro business that holds a good potential source of income for a farm investor. Just like poultry farming and fish farming when goat is done on a large scale it is a viable source of income for investors. Goat farming is the large scale practice of rearing various breeds of goat for commercial purposes.

Goat farming can be established for a lot of reasons. The purposes of rearing goat can include any or all of the following: milk production, meat and fiber. The purpose of your goat farming will determine the choice of goat breeds you would rear.

Opportunities in Goat Farming

1). Goat Meat Production:

Goat meat is of high demand in Nigeria. A huge number of Nigerians cannot do without eating the goat meat pepper soup in a day or the popular “isi ewu” dish.

It is the delight of many both at home, in the work places, restaurants, parties, and in a lot of other occasions and places. Majority of Nigerians prefer goat meat to chicken meat.

The most commonly raised breed of goat for household consumption in Nigeria is the Nigerian dwarf goat. This is mostly reared by a lot of households in the south-south and south-eastern part of Nigeria for personal consumption and for sale in the local markets.

2). Good rearing for Dairy Production:

Goat can be reared for the purpose of obtaining dairy products like yoghurt, milk, cheese, butter and a lot more. Rearing goat for dairy production although it is not very popular in Nigeria is a good source of income for farmers in other countries of the world.

Why you need to consider investing in goat farming business

  • Goat farming in nigeria is easier than poultry farming
  • When it is invested in at an appropriate scale, it provides a good source of employment.
  • It provides a good source of animal protein
  • It requires only moderate start-up capital.
  • It is not labor intensive
  • It provides a good source of manure for plant farming
  • It is suitable in almost all type of weather.
  • Thus, Goat can be grown both in the northern and southern part of the country.
  • You can comfortably merge goat farming with cattle rearing.
  • Goats can serves as a great export product.

 Types Of Goat Breeds

Nigerian Dwarf Goat:

This is the most common Nigerian goat breed. It can serve the purpose of meat production and also be reared for diary production.

The Nigerian Dwarf Goat is best breed of goat for diary production. However, Nigerians love to use it in the preparation of a lot of dish like pepper soup and other to other African dishes and cuisines.

Despite the small size of the Nigerian Dwarf Goats, they can manufacture three to four pounds of milk every day. They produce roughly 6.1 percent of butterfat. It is laborious to milk them but they can be reared any time of the year

The Nubian Goat 

The Nubian goat is also known as anglo-nubian goat. They are large sized and lovely. They have Roman nose and long ears that are in pendulum form.  They are cross breed of Indian and African bucks. They produce roughly 4.6 percent of butter fat. They reproduce seasonally and can be reared any time of the year.

The Lamancha Goat

This goat breed is common in the US. However, they originated from Spain. They are very strong, robust and friendly goat breed. They are mostly reared for diary production. They are easy to milk. They are of a medium size and have small ears of either gopher or elf ears.

Alpine Goat 

These breed of goat is also known as the “French Alpines” because they initially originated in the Alps. They are commonly found in the US. They are one of the best goats for diary production. Their milk is made up of roughly 3.5 percent of butterfat. 

Oberhasli Goat 

This goat breed is a medium-sized goat as well referred to as the “swiss alpine”. They are not grown at all times of the year. They produce milk with roughly 3.6 percent butterfat.

Boer Goat

The boer goat breed has hanging ear and roman nose and are mostly grown in South Africa. Their horns are curved backward. This goat breed can only breed in September and close to the end of January.

Goat feed

Goats eat a good numbers of animal feed but they will not eat any animal feed that has been messed up either by them or other animals.

Steps you need to follow to set up a goat farm in Nigeria

  • Acquire a suitable plot of land
  • Fence the chosen land area with coated barbwires to prevent the goats from wandering off
  • Build a goat barn to shelter your pen from harsh atmospheric condition.
  • Get a good breed of goat depending on your reason for the farm
  • Maintain constant Appointment with a qualified Veterinary Doctor

Cassava Farming in Nigeria: Guide On Getting Started.

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cassava farming in nigeria

Cassava farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business because cassava is one of the staple foods in Nigeria. There is basically no family in Nigeria that doesn’t have one use or tow of cassava and its products. Cassava can be processed into garri, wheat-flour, animal feed, and commercial caramel, used for cassava fufu and a lot more. Cassava can be processed into a few products like starch, flour, chips, ethanol and glucose syrup, and recently into bread. These products made from cassava are enjoy high demand in Nigeria and can as well serve as potential products for export. With the uses of cassava and its product increasing exponentially cassava farming is become more lucrative with Nigeria being the largest producer of cassava in the world.

If you’re looking for a viable agro investment, Cassava farming holds a lot of money spinning potential starting from farming the product and engaging in processing of it and making use of the processed cassava in the production of a lot of food materials mention earlier in this article.

Plantain Farming In Nigeria: Cultivation and Harvesting

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plantain farming

Plantain farming in nigeria is one of the staple crops business in the country. Plantain is as well a viable source of income for small scale farmers who grow it in their garden. Plantains grow in clusters because every matured plantain plant produces a number of baby suckers which are not pruned out. Plantain farming is a viable agro business, anybody can do it. It is not stressful. The maintenance to be carried out on the farm includes manuring the soil, weeding, propping and harvesting.

Choice of land

The land you plan to use ought to be readily accessible, particularly if you plan to establish a large farm. It need to be well drained but not in an area with a very steep slope. It should be well drained but not too steeply sloped. Plantain cannot thrive well in a marshy environment, a land with a very shallow water table or a land area that is flooded every now and then.

The chosen land must be loamy soil which contains organic matter. It is great if you can make use of a piece of long time fallow land.

Land preparation

Plantain farming does not require tilling the ground. Thus it is better to make use of manual laborers instead of mechanized land clearing which commonly eliminates the top soil with organic constituents and make the rest art of the soil compacted.

Spacing

Planted is best cultivated in a row of with a spacing is three meter between the rows and a space of two meter within the row. You can also use a spacing of 2.5 meter between and within rows. A plantain farm with a spacing of  3 by 2  should contain around one thousand, six hundred and sixty seven  plants  while one thousand six hundred plants is recommended in a hectare of land with a spacing or 2.5 both between and within rows. A straight row is preferred as it allows enough flow of air and sunshine through the farm.

Choosing suckers to plant

If your plantain plantation is not the backyard one but the field one, it is better to choose the medium-sized plantain suckers than the giant ones. Giant ones are sure to produce bigger fruits but they are usually affected by adverse weather condition like strong wind.  They also take longer period to reach maturity.

The chosen ought to be alienated from the matured plant with either a spade or machete. Care must be taken not to cause any form of damage to the sucker corm.  Take care and peel it with a machete and cut of the false stems of the suckers some centimeters over the corm. When the corm is peeled it makes less easy for nematode disease to attack the plantation while cutting the false stems makes it less bulky.

How to plant your plantain sucker

You need to plant the suckers as soon as you are done with the preparation of the land for cultivation. The planting should be made 30 by 30 by 30 cm each. You should be careful to separate the top soil from the bottom soil. When you have put the sucker into the planting hole first cover it with top soil and then the bottom soil. Also try to put the part of the baby corm that was formerly attached to the mother corm to lean over the wall of the planting hole.

The right planting season

Plantains are grown all through the periods of the rainy season. Do don’t plant them during the last months of the rainy season as they need roughly four months to grow well under a good and suitable atmospheric condition and weather. Planting during the early part of the rainy season is good.

It will result to a good yield. However, the maturity period will fall at a time when most people will bring theirs to sell and so you will tend to make less gain. It is better to plant during the middle part of the raining season as this will make your plantain to mature during the scarcity period which will yield more money for you.

Mulching, manuring and fertilization

Plantains need sufficient organic matter to thrive well. It provides a suitable environment for the growth of the plant and ensure good yield. Apart from the action of organic matter on the soil, you need to occasionally provide addition nutrients to the soil through fertilizer either organic or inorganic fertilizer.

It is better to mix up both organic and inorganic fertilizer to enjoy the unique benefits of each of these types of fertilizer. Fertilizer application should be started a month after planting.

Weed control

Weed control is essential in plantain farming. You need to weed the farm every six to eight weeks but the effect of the weed will get less when the canopy of the plantain leaf have grown thick around 6 months after planting. You can do this manually or mechanically.

Propping up the stem and fruit

When the plantain yields fruit, as it grows bigger, you need to prop it up to provide support and prevent breakage or damage to the fruit before maturity.

Harvesting

The plantain is harvested when the bunch is roughly 3 months and when one or two plantain out of the bunch is beginning to look yellow in color.

That’s the basic guide about plantain farming in nigeria, if you need further clarification, please use the comment box,

Plantain Farming: Planning, Techniques and Maintenance.

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plantain farming

Plantain farming is a lucrative farming venture that is unknown by many agro-investor. It is not only lucrative; the cultivation and maintenance process is also easy. The plant regenerates and multiplies rapidly on its own and thus makes the yield increase more and more overtime.

Additionally, it is easy to set up and requires just small amount of capital. It thrives well in roughly every Nigerian soil and can grow fruits round the year. The major cost of starting the business is the money to secure the land and purchase the suckers to start with. Thus, if you have any vacant land with loamy soil you can turn it into profitable plantation farming.

Plantain is a popular staple food in tropical climates where the temperature is warm with bright sunshine and suitable moisture for optimal growth. It is rated as the tenth most significant staple food that is eaten by people of all race globally. Plantain when it is unripe has a flavor related to that of potato. The texture as well looks alike. It can be cooked by steaming, boiling, frying, smoking, cutting into bits and cooked with vegetable.

What to include in your plan for Plantain Farming?

To start plantain farming, you will need the following:

Chose a land in a suitable climate

Plantain grows well in an environment that is neither too hot nor too cold. They thrive very well in a land that is natural manure or on which thick compost is added.

The best soil for growing plantain is loamy soil because of the presence of mixture of organic and inorganic materials. Organic materials like plants and insects that are decomposing supply the soil with the required air, nutrients and water-retention capacity. These in addition with mineral particles keep the soil loose and fertile.

It is better to plant plantain in groups to be able to get good harvest as this will as well protect them from the harsh effects of the sun.

Soil preparation

After you have secured a suitable land, clear the land and get the land ready for cultivation. Plantain plants thrive better when they are grown in bunches or groups. This ensures they get adequate protection each from the adverse effects of the sun. This is easily achieved by planting them in bunch.

You can alternatively plant them under plants with shade to protect them. While clearing the bush, do not clear all the plant, leave some trees to provide the shade and provide the necessary environment.

Get Healthy suckers

Plantain is not a tree but a form of herb. Thus, the planting method differs from that of other plants. Plantain is planted through the sucker. Suckers are baby plantain plants that grow into new plantain plants.

It is therefore, highly essential for you to select healthy suckers. How healthy your suckers are will determine greatly the success of your plantation farming. It is better to use of suckers from matured and harvested plant.

Transplanting

Every mature plantain tree contains a corm at the base. You need to cut as much as possible into the corm when you want to transplant a baby sucker.

There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible.  There should be a space of roughly five meters in-between planted suckers.

Weed Control

It is significant to keep the plantain plantation out of weed. You can either decide to use traditional method by employing laborers. Alternatively, you can make use of herbicides.

As the plant grows, it is essential to protect it from strong effects of the winds. It is as well essential to keep the environment suitably moist.

Enriching the soil

You can make use of fertilizer occasionally but allowing the dead plantain stem and leaves to decay in the farm is suitable for regenerating the soil lost nutrients.

The type of fertilizer suitable for plantain is the NPK fertilizer. This means a fertilizer that contains nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. Applying fertilizer on the plants once every month will boost the growth.

Maintenance of the farm

Maintenance of plantain plantation is not difficult. The only thing that is required is to take off dead leaves and dead plants close to the plantain. Also, you need to take off suckers that are growing close to the plantain plant. The only ones that you need to leave with the growing plantain tree are suckers that are made up of spear shaped leaves.