Cassava farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business because cassava is one of the staple foods in Nigeria. There is basically no family in Nigeria that doesn’t have one use or tow of cassava and its products. Cassava can be processed into garri, wheat-flour, animal feed, and commercial caramel, used for cassava fufu and a lot more. Cassava can be processed into a few products like starch, flour, chips, ethanol and glucose syrup, and recently into bread. These products made from cassava are enjoy high demand in Nigeria and can as well serve as potential products for export. With the uses of cassava and its product increasing exponentially cassava farming is become more lucrative with Nigeria being the largest producer of cassava in the world.
If you’re looking for a viable agro investment, Cassava farming holds a lot of money spinning potential starting from farming the product and engaging in processing of it and making use of the processed cassava in the production of a lot of food materials mention earlier in this article.
Selecting Site For Your Cassava Farming
To ensure the success of your cassava farming, it is significant to make use of a piece of land that is easily accessible, well-drained and fertile. You can provide a sample of the soil you want to use for cassava farming to the IITA to assist you verify is the soil will result to high yield of cassava. In Nigeria, practically all the land area in the south are good for cassava farming, however, it is better to verify to ensure that you are investing properly.
Your choice of a land for a cassava farm has to be an area with deep well drained loamy soil, with adequate rainfall together with warm and moist climatic conditions.
Choose good Cassava Varieties
There are broad varieties of cassava that you can plant. To ensure good yield of cassava, choose from any of the following recommended cassava breeds: TMS 30572, NR 8082, NR8083, TMS 4(2) 1425, TMS 81/00110, TMS 92/0326. They have high yield and processing capacity. Additional varieties are soon going to be added into the list. It is better to verify from experts to ensure you get it right.
Preparing the land for planting cassava
You need a total herbicide like a glyphosate applied to the cassava farm land at the rate of 4–5 l/ hectare ten days before preparing the land for planting. To get cheaper and optimal number of cassava plants per a hectare, it is better to make use of mechanized farming in the production of the ridges and planting.
The types of fertilizers that is suitable for cassava farming in nigeria
The recommended fertilizers for cultivation of cassava include the following:
- NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags
Fertilizer application should be done two months after planting. The fertilizer should be applied in a ring of, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant .You can also use the broadcasting method of fertilizer application but you must ensure that that the fertilizer does not come in contact with the leaf or stem of the plant.
Cassava yield is about 25 tons/ha and above. This can be easily achieved with good agronomic practices and management. Thus, you need to take care while planting your cassava so as to do it right.
Choose Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings:
Cassava is grown through the stem cuttings. Using healthy stem cuttings ensure that your cassava crops grow well. You can buy cassava stem cuttings in the market and in the villages from local farmers. After purchasing good cassava stem cutting to start your farm, you need to keep replicating the breed from your farm when you harvest your cassava or from cassava tree with a few branches.
The best way to get a good cassava stem cutting is to:
- Go to farms with healthy cassava plants.
- Avoid buying from cassava farm and plants that have suffered from pest and diseases in the past.
Selling your harvested Cassava and the Products
After the planting season and the harvest, your profitability will depend on the market where you sell your products at the right price. When you invest right on Cassava farming, you are sure to make a lot of money out of your investment.